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Thank you for your interest in Stable Mix™ and Elk Grove Milling, Inc. We invite you to visit our mill and feed store located just outside of Elk Grove at:

8320 Eschinger Road
Elk Grove, CA 95757

Toll Free: (888) 346-7649
Ph: (916) 684-2056
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Monday - Friday: 8:00am - 5:00pm
Saturday & Sunday: CLOSED

Metabolic Horses Murrieta, CA

Horses are known for their athletic stature. That is why it’s no wonder they are used for transportation and sports. However, horses can be susceptible to diseases, including equine metabolic syndrome. Learn more about metabolic horses here.

What is equine metabolic syndrome?

This condition, which affects ponies and horses, is connected to insulin resistance, obesity, and subsequent laminitis. Affected animals may have difficulty digesting and metabolizing feed properly, making them obese. They often have higher fat deposits in different parts of the body (like the neck, chest, shoulders, and mammary glands).

Normally, horses between 8-18 years old are more susceptible to equine metabolic syndrome. Some breeds, such as Morgans, Arabians, Andalusians, ponies, Paso Finos, warmbloods, and miniatures are also at risk of having EMS due to genetic predisposition.

Diagnosis for Equine Metabolic Syndrome

Various blood tests can be performed to determine if your horse has equine metabolic syndrome (EMS). Here are some recommended tests:

Oral Sugar Test

This test measures a horse’s natural insulin response and how its glucose level reacts when it eats. An animal must go through 6 hours of fasting. The test is performed by administering corn syrup through the mouth. After that, blood samples will be taken after an hour. Another test will be done after 90 minutes. Insulin concentrations are higher for animals with equine metabolic syndrome.

Insulin Tolerance Test

For this test, a veterinarian will inject a small amount of insulin into the horse’s blood. He or she will repeat the step after half an hour. A horse has insulin dysregulation if its blood glucose level goes down by less than 50 percent.

Treatment for Equine Metabolic Syndrome

Losing weight is the main goal for treating horses with equine metabolic syndrome. Here are some things that can help improve the condition of your animal:

Proper Diet

You must regulate the feed intake of your horse to help it lose weight. In particular, horses with EMS must not eat feeds high in sugar and starches. In addition, these animals must not eat grain and should not spend so much time in the pasture. You may also use a grazing muzzle to keep your animal from overeating.

To make sure your animal sets get their daily nutrient requirements, you can give them a multi-vitamin or mineral supplement. Vitamin E, chromium, magnesium, cinnamon, and fenugreek are some ingredients that can help manage equine metabolic syndrome for an animal. Ask your veterinarian for more information about vitamins and supplements.

Exercise

Horses need exercise to keep fit and healthy. These animals can exercise through hand-walking, riding, or lunging. If an animal is not accustomed to exercising, then you must do it gradually. Recommendations may include 2-3 sessions a week and 20-30 minutes of work. Once the horse gets used to exercising, you can increase the duration and intensity.

Medications

A veterinarian may recommend medications in case diet and exercise are not enough. Metformin and levothyroxine sodium are some common medicines used for equine metabolic syndrome.

Prevention for Equine Metabolic Syndrome

With proper care, you can help prevent equine metabolic syndrome for your horses.

Here are some of the best practices:

  • Lower down the calorie intake for your animal. Do not feed them with feed high in sugar, such as apples, carrots, and sweet feeds.
  • Grass hay cubes and beet pulp minus molasses.
  • Do not give supplements made from soy beans or anything high in sugar.

Basic Horse Care Tips

Horses can make good companions, and owning one is a big responsibility. Here are some basic tips in taking care of your animals:

Prepare a shelter.

Compared to other animals like cats or dogs, horses are bigger. They need shelter and enough space to move around. Maintain a clean, dry, safe, and comfortable shelter.

This area will protect your horses from known elements, such as sun and rain. Don’t forget to install fences to prevent your animal from escaping or getting injured.

Make sure your horse has enough space to run around.

Exercise can benefit your horse’s muscular, respiratory, skeletal, and cardiovascular systems. Your horse must have space or pasture where it can exercise or walk around. The pasture must have the right grasses and be free of holes to prevent any injuries. 

Create a bed for your horse.
Horses can sleep while they’re standing. However, they can rest better while lying down. That is why you need to prepare a bed for your animal. Make sure the bedding is clean at all times to prevent hair loss or bed sores. 

Straws and wood shavings are some options you can use as bedding material. In particular, straws are relatively cost-effective and provide warmth and comfort for your horse. However, it may contain fungal spores that can cause health problems. 

On the other hand, wood shavings are relatively more expensive but these are cleaner and more hygienic. Whichever you go with, always replace your animal’s soiled bedding once it gets dirty.

Keep the stable and shelter clean.

Horses produce manure. That is why you need to maintain the cleanliness of the stable and shelter for your animals. Get rid of manure as often as possible to help prevent presence of parasites, which can pose health problems. You can use a shovel and a wheelbarrow to gather the manure. After that, you can dump the droppings into a compost pit or use it as fertilizer.

Feed your horse with the right feed.

Your horse needs high-quality feed to keep them in perfect condition. Hay, chaff, and pasture are some feeds for your horse. Please note that the amount of feed depends on the animal’s bodyweight. You should also have mineral block or salt lick available for your horse.
 
In addition, do not feed food scraps or grass clippings to your horse. These can make your animal sick. Consult with your veterinarian regarding the best diet for your horse.

Give your horse clean water.

Keep a fresh and clean water supply so your horse stays hydrated. On the average, horses may consume up to 8 gallons of water and may need higher consumption during hot weather. You may use dams or self-filling troughs for your horses. In case you don’t have a self-filling water system, make sure you check it daily.

Groom your horse.

Grooming is essential in maintaining your horse’s coat. Using a currycomb, you can gently brush off dried mud or dirt. On warmer days, give your horse a bath and use an anti-fungal shampoo. Don’t forget to also brush your animal’s hair and carefully fix any tangles using your hands. Pulling on tangles or using scissors is not advisable in removing tangles.

Examine your horse’s feet.

Rocks or other objects can bruise horse’s feet and cause bacterial infection. The hooves of your horse must be trimmed every 6-8 weeks to prevent chipping. Otherwise, your animal will feel uncomfortable. You may also consider having shoes for your animal especially if you have rocky ground.

Check your horse’s teeth.

The teeth of your animal can get sharper and cause mouth injuries if left unattended. That is why you need to have it checked by a horse dentist at least annually. If your horse feeds on grain, then you need dental exams every 3-6 months.

Clear your pasture of poisonous plants.

Your horses may accidentally feed on poisonous plants while grazing, which can pose health problems for them and even cause death. Wilted maple leaves, oak, rose laurel, and black walnut are some examples of poisonous plants.

Contact Elk Grove Milling Today

Give your horse all the nutrients it needs. Turn only to Elk Grove Milling for high-quality feeds for your horses and other animals. Get in touch with us today to learn more about our array of products. We look forward to hearing from you. Click here to learn more about us.